You might wonder if all-weather tires can be used in winter and the answer is yes. They hold the same “three peak mountain snowflake “ symbol like dedicated winter tires. This emblem signifies that they are designated for use in severe winter conditions. All-weather tires, therefore, hold an advantage over all-season tires, which are actually badly named as they are not recommended for winter weather conditions. All-weather tires allow for one set of tires throughout the year, with no need for changeover. This eliminates the need for storing a second set of tires in the garage.
an all-weather tire you can safely handle snow and ice as they offer excellent
grip and handling. All-weather tires are made of tread constituted of
intermediate rubber compound that offers excellent grip on all kinds of road
conditions. They are actually sort of a hybrid between winter tires and
all-season tires, making them ideal for all seasons. This is why during the
cold season when the roads are icy, snowy and wet they work just as well as
during the other seasons.
the unique tread pattern with grooves effectively clean snow, slush and water
out of the tire to ensure excellent grip and reliable handling under all
conditions, thereby protecting from hydroplaning. Hydroplaning can also occur
when snow melts and there is slush on the road. This can assure hydroplaning
resistance both in heavy rain or melting ice and snow. This allows to maintain
proper contact with the road and provide the stability you need to handle your
vehicle safety and comfortably.
tires are the only tires that can be used all year long if the winters are
severe in your area. If the area you live in does not have severe winters then all-season tires can be considered for
all year-round use. All-weather tires outperform all-season tires in the winter
as all-season tires are not recommended for winter weather. The many new
innovations in all-weather and all-season tires alike make them both good to
handle the other three seasons of the year. There have also been many advances
in all-weather tires that make them more fuel efficient by lowering the rolling
resistance of the tires. This helps make them more ecological by lowering their
carbon footprint as the CO2 emissions are lowered.
When you are looking for a high quality forestry tire for your harvester or your forwarder, the Nokian Forest King offers a great radial tire that can add comfort to the forestry work, so that work can be done at a higher work rate. Radial tires can absorb shocks better and make the driving in the rough terrain in the forest smoother. The Nokian Forest King is actually the only radial tire for cut to length forestry machines. The have a wider contact area so that they have lower surface impact and also prevents sinking on soft surfaces
When driving on uneven surfaces and having stumps and rocks as obstacles, the drive can be quite bumpy and uncomfortable. However radial tires even out the drive, which means that you can drive at higher speeds between the different areas. They also have lower rolling resistance, which means lower fuel costs and lower environmental impact due to lower CO2 emissions.
When you are working with cut to length forestry, you will rely on a harvester to fell the tree and delimb it from the branches. A forwarder will then follow up in the same trail and load the logs onto the forwarder for transport to the landing. This process is different from full tree forestry where the trees are dragged to the landing by a skidder. The forwarder is carrying the logs clear from the ground and can therefore reduce the soil impact.
The forest provides you with some really harsh driving conditions and different surfaces that can vary between swamps, bogs, mud, rocks, moss covered rocks and even snowy conditions. You really need very durable tires and you need to ensure that the tires can provide your equipment with the traction, so that you are not slowed down. Most harvester tires and forwarder tires can use both tracks or operate without and the Nokian Forest King work great without tracks but even when you put tracks on these they work better than conventional bias forest tires as they have better side stability. They also have patented side puncture protection so that you can avoid having your tires punctured by stumps or sharp rocks. Avoiding downtime due to tire related problems can save your operations a lot of money.
When you are looking for cut to length forestry tires, then you have a few tires to select between. Cut to length is the main method in Europe, while North America uses mainly full tree technology for forestry. The difference is where the trees are cut and de-limbed, where the cut to length is all done at the same time as the tree is felled, where the harvester fell the tree and de-limb it and cut it into specific length logs. In full tree, you instead fell the tree and drag it through the forest to the landing. This is a bit more time consuming and require more equipment and it can be hard on the top soil that gets disrupted as you drag heavy trees through the forest.
With cut to length, you have some benefit of leaving the branches that can add nutrients and protect the top layer. You can also use your forwarder to carry more trees out of the forest to the landing and you can manage with two machines to work in pair and clear the forest. In the vast forests in the Nordics, it has seen to be the best and most productive method to do it.
Nokian Tyres, which is a Finnish tire company, have become a global market leader supplying forest tires to the forest industry, where they have worked closely with the Nordic customers and the equipment manufacturer’s to develop the best tires that can perform in those challenging conditions. They have also worked with other markets and have developed world-class tires for also full tree forestry. Working with equipment manufacturer and customers have been the key to solve the challenges that they had working in harsh conditions, to develop tires that can provide traction in challenging conditions. The range today of harvester tires, forwarder tires and even a range for skidders.
They even have great truck tires for timber trucks, which will need tires that can reach the landing, where it can be muddy and also they have to be protected from sharp branches and rocks available there. Therefore the tires need to have great properties for on and off road use. Nokian Tyres have developed a range of on and off road tires for this and similar purposes.
One of the easiest ways to improve your equipment is to match it with the tire that complement the equipment the best. Tires can translate the performance of both the equipment and its tires to a superior output performance, where you can perform in any conditions without any problems. Great traction and stability are two characteristics that most want from their heavy tires then comes durability and long trouble free service life, if you can combine this into a tire, then you have a good foundation for optimal performance together with your equipment.
A backhoe loader for example will need to have a combination of very stable tires for the excavation and good traction for the loader work. This is why backhoe loader tires are different and very specialized. They also have to adapt to the new heavier loads and heavier attachments that are used nowadays. Durability will also be key so that they can handle the sharp rocks and debris that will be present on the ground. You need to know that the loader tires are cut and crack resistant so that they can hold up for the load and for potential side impacts.
When you look at underground mining equipment, here the tires can be a real mess if you don’t get the tire selection under control. In underground mines and tunnels you have some really harsh conditions, with narrow space and the likelihood that your tires will be bruised and abused daily. So if you don’t select the correct mining tires that can actually handle the extreme conditions that the tires are exposed to, then you will have a lot of tire related problems. If you start having tire failures or a high degree of downtime due to tires, then you should re-evaluate your tire choice.
Make use of the technical tire manual to check that the tire choice is consistent with the max load, dimensions and that the usage area is correct. The tire’s inflation pressure can also be found in there, to ensure that you have the correct tire pressure. It is important that you check the inflation pressures regularly as too low can damage the sidewalls and also causes excessive wear. Then you also need to check the tire wear so that you know when to change the tires to a new set.
If you are looking for good tires for your forestry equipment, you will probably be looking at Nokian Tyres, as they are the global market leader when it comes to forestry tires. They have a long history of working both with its customer and the equipment manufacturers to develop world-class tires that can perform in the toughest of conditions. Finland has these conditions in its own country with some of the harshest weather conditions combined with a terrain that include all the challenges that you can imagine.
If you are looking for harvester tiresorforwarder tires, you probably will include Nokian Forest King or the Nokian Forrest Rider into your selection. The Nokian Forest Rider are radial tires and allow for a more comfortable ride, can handle higher loads and higher speeds. Both tire options have great traction in all forest conditions and can be used with or without tracks for when the conditions require them. You will also have excellent lateral grip, to keep you on the path.
If you are looking for skidder tires, then you will have the choice between Nokian Logger King and the Nokian Forest King. The Nokian Logger King tires are made for the biggest machines. They are extremely durable and built for long trouble free service life, which is what you need deep in the forest where any problems can quickly become costly and will slow down your operation. Fixing problems deep in the forest are by default challenging and costly and should be avoided by investing into premium tires and ensuring a good proactive service maintenance program that ensures that you can avoid costly downtime.
For finding the optimal tires for forestry that will enhance the performance of your forestry equipment and make sure that you can perform the work duties everyday regardless of weather conditions. Consult the technical tire manual to assure that you can match the dimension and the load that you require, so that you can find the market leader tires that will have the best grip and performance. So regardless if you are doing cut to length forestry or full tree, Nokian Tyres have tires that will get the job done without problems, so that you can enjoy high productivity without having to suffer from costly downtime.
Forestry tires have to deal with extremely difficult driving conditions. You tend to meet slippery rocks, bogs, swamps, steep hills, mud and even snow in the forest. Then you have sharp rocks and stumps that can easily damage the tires. The development has lead to very durable tires that can handle these conditions and even have very aggressive tread pattern that can excel in these conditions. Most tires can however still use tracks and chains if needed, as the design has taken this into account.
If you need chains on your harvester tires or your forwarder tires, will depend on the tires you have selected and the working surroundings that you will work within. If you do need tracks then you will need to make sure that you select the track type that fits the tire size and tread design. The tire pressure should be the maximum permitted inflation pressure for each tire size to ensure that you get the optimal traction between the tire and track to ensure best traction for the equipment. The tracks lower the surface pressure, which will be good for keeping the surface intact.
Chains are less common nowadays as the tires are so good, but you can still end up in situation where you will need to use chains. If the chains are new they should be checked to ensure that they are free from any sharp edges or welding burrs. If you find any sharp areas, try to remove them before mounting the chains. When the chains have been mounted make sure that they are fitted tightly, as loose chains can slip on the tires and cause damage and wear. When you check your tires for potential cuts or cracks, also check the chains that they are in good condition and that no chain rings are broken and that the rings are turned in the correct direction.
If you are planning to use chains or tracks with your tires, consult the technical tire manual to ensure that the tires are suitable for use together with tracks or chains. If they are, the correct tire pressure can be found in the manual, to ensure the best grip. When the chains or tracks are not needed any longer they should be removed, especially for the chains, as they are more aggressive on the surface.
Even with commercial tires, the use cases might vary a lot. You might use it on city buses or regional or long distance buses, where you will need different properties to make the tires optimal. Or then you might use them for trucks, where you might do regional or long distance driving and might need on and off road requirements or even use for timber transport. Then you can even throw different weather into the mix and add winter requirements and you get yet another dimension. Making the correct selection is though very important, both from the safety perspective and then from the cost perspective, where you have numerous factors impacting it, tire wear, fuel consumption, service life and total cost of ownership.
For the tire selection it is very important that you match the tires that best fits the requirements that you have for the application. A city bus will not perform as well it if has long haul truck tires, as the use is different. A city bus will need bus tires that have been designed for city use. Where lower speeds are the norm, reinforced tire sidewalls is essential as you will need to stop next to curbs continuously and durability is desirable as you want to ensure that the passengers can get to their destination without delays. If you have snow conditions, then for the safety of the passengers, winter tires are needed.
It is similar situation with the truck tires, where you will need to make sure that the match is optimal. A wrong selection can quickly become costly and can cause added service costs, delays, higher fuel bills and expensive tire replacements. Accidents and delays can also impact the reputation of the service that can further hurt the profitability of any operation.
For truck there are also different tires depending on the position on the truck, where you have different tires for the steering position, than for the drive axle position. So it is important to take this into consideration when selecting the tires. The trailer will then in addition have a separate selection of tires. If you do need to have tires that are winter approved it is important that all the tires on all positions are winter approved tires. Only using winter tires on some positions are not good enough and not sufficient from a legal point of view if winter tires are mandatory.
Tire pressure is important for heavy equipment. The equipment have constantly increased in weight the last decades and you need to make sure that you select tires that can handle the extra machine weight and the increased carrying loads. Too high tire pressure can lead to tire explosion and too low can damage the sidewall of the tires. Too low pressure will also increase the heat build up in the tire, which increases the wear. There is a rule of thumb that being 10% under the recommended pressure you reduce the lifetime with 10%. This can cost your business a lot of money just because that the tire pressure isn’t checked.
For trucks and bus tires, the wear can become substantial and low tire pressure also leads to increased rolling resistance that increases the fuel consumption, so add costs both in terms of tire replacements and fuel cost increases. For some of the heavy equipment tires the wear and fuel efficiency can become a burden. Loader tires, excavator tires or mining tires alike, they all depend on good tire maintenance and that the tire pressure is checked.
Checking the tire pressure should be done regularly and for big equipment, it should be easy to do. On big truck rigs, due to the amount of tires and the fact that they have dual tires, it will take more time and is often overlooked by drivers. You can opt for a central inflation system, where the system can monitor and inflate tires that are low on pressure. The system will add weight to your truck, which increases tire wear, but you should be able to save costs in maintenance and ensuring that you have the correct tire pressure.
The beauty is that it can fill all the tires, even the dual tires to ensure that they carry the same load and one tire isn’t left to carry an increased load. Fuel cost savings should come from obtaining the lowest rolling resistance for the truck, despite the higher weight due to the system. Trying it on a few of your trucks or even for heavy equipment can quickly give you a comparison versus your other vehicle. For heavy equipment you can constantly change the pressure depending on the surface to even achieve better grip.
When you are buying new tires for your heavy equipment, then you will need to make sure that the tires can handle the loads. The equipment have been getting bigger and so have the various attachments, so it does put a lot of importance on the tire selection and making sure that they are able to handle the max weight that you will be working with.
Sufficient traction to handle the tasks, being durable and sufficiently puncture resistance and having a crack and cut resistant rubber compound to ensure that the tire can handle the high loads will be critical when selecting tires. Mining tires, for the equipment that have to work in underground mines, will need to be extremely durable and have to be able handle the harsh conditions. Failure to do so can be very costly and time consuming, as you repairs in deep mines are more tricky than doing it at a service station. Proper maintenance needs to be in place to ensure that tire failures don’t happen too often and the tire selection has to be overlooked if there are repetitive failures, as the tires might be wrong for the conditions or the load.
Similarly the forest machines have gotten bigger and heavier and they still have to be able to get deep into the forest to do their work. This puts a lot of extra requirements on the forestry tires, to ensure that they can handle the load and the conditions without failure. The tires load index and load at various tire pressures can be found in the technical tire manual, where you find the right tires for the equipment that you use. There are also the different available dimensions.
Once you have chosen a tire with the correct load index, then you have to make sure that the tire is the correct one for the conditions that you plan to use it in. Some tires are more focused on grip and some are more targeted for durability. The harder and more costly it is to change a damaged tire, the more durable it has to be and the more you have to invest into preventive maintenance to ensure that you can limit the unscheduled repairs occasions. Managing this process will be critical part of your overall success.
All-season tires are basically summer tires; they are tires that have excellent properties at temperatures that are above freezing. They can handle dry and wet surfaces and perform well even in heavy rain.
tires can be used in all weather conditions, so you can forget the
forecast. They can handle the full temperature spectrum, from warm summer weather
to cold winter temperatures. When you have cold weather they act as winter
tires and can create mechanical traction through the tread pattern. These tires
can therefore be used all year round.
In areas where winter tires are required, you can use winter-approved all-weather tires. You can also use dedicated winter tires, which should only be used during the winter season.