As you might have noticed when you see heavy trucks is that they have an amazing amount of tires, there is easily more than 18 tires on a large truck including the trailer. The more tires that you have the less weight each tire has to take. It is basic physics and it has made the trucks to have double tires on most axles. Most trucks also travel great distances, so the tires have to be very wear resistant in addition to high load bearing.
The truck tires should be of so-called
long haul tire type, so that they are
wear resistant enough for the long distance. When it comes to big trucks the tire
costs is far less important versus the cost of tire failure. Tire failure can
be quite costly if it causes delays or on the trip repairs. A common reason for
tire failure is low tire pressure and improper maintenance. When the truck has
so many tires, it can easily happen that one or more tires will fail during the
long haul, especially if they are not checked and maintained on a regular basis
during the long drive. Dual tires are also not the easiest to check the tire
pressure on, as it requires a bit more work and can thus often be neglected by
As winter is approaching it is also important to think about
commercial winter tires for your truck, as you will need them if you drive
through countries that have winter conditions. Without proper winter tires, you
will not have the proper grip and handling when face snow, ice and slush.
Accidents can seriously damage your drivers, the cargo and the reputation of
the business. This makes the importance of ensuring that you have proper winter
tires mounted at all times that you are driving in winter conditions.
When you select winter tires for long haul trucks, you
should make sure that they have low rolling resistance so that your truck consume
less fuel when driving with them on. Low rolling resistance also leads to lower
tire wear, which further improves your tire economy. Low downtime and long
service life will be key for a profitable and sustainable business. So
regardless if you are buying summer or winter tires, make sure that you
prioritize quality over low price.
Heavy trucks will need premium quality haul tires if they are meant to go the distance. The bigger the truck, then more tires you will have and they need to be able to handle both the load and the distance. Good quality truck tires might require a bit higher investment, but they will most likely save you a lot of money in the long run. Premium tires have lower rolling resistance, which translates to lower tire wear and also lower fuel consumption. This means that you both have to replace your tires less often as well as you don’t have to fuel up as often. Both these factors will lead to cost savings over time.
When you have premium tires you can retread them once the
tread wears out. This does require though that the carcass is still in good
condition after the tire is worn out. A carcass can be used one or two times,
which gives you a good quality tire for a fraction of the price and in a more
environmental way. This can reduce your tire budget; even tough the initial
investment is higher. So when you are purchasing new tires, make sure to select
tires that are built to last and can handle long distances.
Make sure that you maintain the tires properly and that you
schedule enough tire maintenance to ensure that you can inspect the tires as
well as check the tire pressure. One of the biggest reasons for tire failure on
big rigs is due to low tire pressure. It is often the trailers that cause the
problems, as more people check the pressure on their own equipment more
frequently. The low pressure damages the carcass so that you can’t use it later
for retreading. Low tire pressure also increases the rolling resistance leading
to higher fuel costs.
If you will drive during winter conditions, your truck might
need winter approved truck tires with the 3PMSF-symbol. This symbol indicates
that the winter commercial tires have been
tested and approved for winter conditions. Some countries require that you have
proper tires during the winter season. Safe driving is essential both for your
drivers as well as making sure that they products can be delivered safely
without any delays, regardless of the weather conditions.
The current trade wars sparked by the US, might impact global trade for years to come. Exports are already down for both US and China and with UK leaving Europe; there might be even further impacts to international trade. However with the new Amazon way of faster deliveries and fewer products stored in shops might change the whole transportation scenery, but the fact remains that deliveries by trucks will remain an important and growing way of ensuring that products are on our shelves factories have their parts needed for local production.
If the mode of deliveries will change from container to
other ways of packing and distributing good will remain to be seen, there might
be a need for smaller trucks and more frequent deliveries. So we will still see
a lot of trucks rolling on our roads and there will be a lot of commercial
tires being used. The reason why trucks have so many wheels is so that they can
disperse the weight. Trucks will almost always have double wheels except the
front steering wheels. There are also different tires needed for different
positions of the truck, as the properties will differ. So you will have drive
tires, steering tires and trailer tires.
Truck tires are haul tires that are built for long
driving distance. They need to be able to withstand the long non-stop drives,
while still have excellent stability and control. When it comes to haul tires
they need to be wear resistant and have low rolling resistance. You want to
make sure that you will have minimal maintenance, so that you can keep your
uptime and minimize the downtime.
The biggest problem that trucks experience is tires failure.
The most common reason for tire failures is due to low tire pressure, so it is
important to have the tires checked regularly, this should be done as part of
the regular maintenance. Pressure might be difficult to check with the dual
tires, so it is often neglected. It is however important as to make sure that
the wear of the tires isn’t increased due to increased rolling resistance.
Increased rolling resistance doesn’t only wear out the tires prematurely; it
also affects the fuel efficiency of the truck, so that you will need to stop
for fuel more often.
Since most trucks are built to drive long distances delivering goods using the land based highways. Deliveries can often be perishable goods or then products for just in time deliveries. Delays can therefor be costly both for the transporter as well as the end-user. This is why the transporters have to rely on both their trucks and their tires to make sure that they are built to last and don’t brake down. The biggest problem tends to be problems related to the truck tires and often caused by low tire pressure. Since trucks have so many tires, checking all the tires for the correct tire pressure can be a bit tedious, especially for the inner tire of the dual tires.
Optimally you can manage to prevent most of your problems
with proper scheduled maintenance. During this maintenance you will need to
make sure that all tires have the correct tread depth and the correct tire
pressure. It is however often the trailers that the trucks pick up at ports or
terminals that can cause the problems as they might arrive with tires with low
pressure and often the tight delivery schedules doesn’t allow of stops where
all the tires can be checked, or the drivers are not very willing to engage in
The problem when you drive with low tire pressure is that you can damage the tires, especially the sidewalls. If you ruin the carcass you will also not be able to retread the tires. Retreaded tires can save you a lot of money. A good quality tire where the carcass is till in good condition after the tire is worn out, can be retreaded 1 to 2 times.
For trucks it is also important to take care of changing
tires to winter tires when the weather changes to winter conditions. Some
countries it is mandatory to use winter tires, in other countries it is only
recommended. It is always advisable to drive in the safest possible way, to
ensure that the goods are delivered on time. If you don’t have winter-approved
tires on your truck and you have a snow storm hitting your area, you can more
or less forget about getting the delivery to the end destination on time. Here
you will need a tire that is designed for these conditions and has been tested
and approved for winter use.
most trucks tend to drive very long distances, there will be a lot of tire
wear. You will need to purchase high quality truck tires. High quality truck tires will have lower rolling
resistance and thus lower fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.
High quality tires can be retreaded up to 2 times if the carcass is in good condition once the tread has worn out. This has a positive environmental impact as you reduce tire waste, by reusing the carcass. Significant costs savings can be obtained by retreading the tires. Retreaded have excellent properties if the new tread is of good quality.
The answer is clearly yes, if you drive in winter conditions or in temperatures below freezing you need winter approved truck tires. When you have winter condition you should have winter-approved tires, it might not be mandatory depending on the country, but for a safety reason they should be used. Tires that are not meant for winters will become hard, as the rubber compound is not designed for these conditions. What happens is that the hard rubber will not be able to adjust to the surface, where as a soft tire would be pressed into cavities in the surface to create traction. So with a hard tire, you will have almost no grip or significantly reduced even when there is no snow or ice.
If you want
your deliveries to be delivered without any delays or problems and you operate
in areas where winter conditions could be present, then you should choose a
tire that can operate in all conditions including snow and ice. Haul tires are
designed for long distances, so they should have low rolling resistance to
ensure that you have a low fuel consumption, they should also have low wear for
long service hours.
long haul tires should have low rolling resistance
and low wear, so that you save money in the long run, they should also be able
to retread the carcass. A high quality carcass
can be retreaded once or twice, depending on the condition of it. If you are
able to retread them you can benefit from big savings versus purchasing new
tires. Retreaded tires that are retreaded with high quality tread will be
almost as good as new tires, but will also save the environment from wasting
good quality carcasses.Proper tire
maintenance is essential and especially to check that all the tires are
properly inflated. Low tire pressure can cause blowouts and can also damage the
carcass, making retreading impossible. The majority of tire failures is due to
low tire pressure and especially on the trailers. Proper tire maintenance
should catch this and eliminate the problems before it becomes a bigger problem
that can cause downtime and added costs. Condition of the tires, the inflation
pressure as well as the tread depth should be checked. Making sure that all
tires are winter-approved is also essential if you plan to drive through winter
When hauling perishable goods, it is even more important that you don’t have big delays, as that can jeopardize your whole cargo from going bad. Delays are mainly caused by accidents, breakdowns or bad weather. When you have perishable goods that you are hauling, it is even more important to take the necessary steps to avoid or limit any risk of getting delays. One of the best methods is to ensure that you have some of the best long haul tires mounted on your truck.
Proper truck tires
can improve your safety while you drive, they can reduce your braking distance
to lower the risk of being in an accident. The longer braking distance you have
the more likely you are to crash into the vehicle in front of you, if something
sudden happens or the traffic in front of you comes to a sudden stop. Proper
tires will have better wear resistance, so that the tires will last longer and
be less susceptible to a flat tire. Tire failures is something you want to
avoid, as it can slow you down and force you to stop for repairs.
The tend to also have a lower rolling resistance,
so you even save fuel when doing the long hauls, cutting a lot of costs from
your fuel bills. Saving on fuel and putting less strain on the environment is
something that everyone should think about, especially long haul trucks, which
spend basically are on the road all the time. Even getting tires made from only
purified low aromatic oils in its production to even further lower the
environmental impact from using and wearing out tires.
Winter conditions can also be handled by having
the correct tyres for weather. This would need to be a tire that is approved
for winter conditions and would have a 3PMSF-symbol
indicating that it has been tested and approved for these conditions. It is not
safe to drive without these tires when you have snow, ice or freezing
temperatures. You will need these tires to have sufficient grip to drive and
short enough braking distance and drive safely.
Trucks have a lot of tires, there tends to be either 16 or 18 truck tires, where most positions except the front are dual tires. For long haul trucks that basically spend all their time on the roads, you can imagine that there will be a lot of wear and it can be difficult to avoid tire related problems.
You will always need to have scheduled maintenance
where you will need to make sure that the tires are in good condition. You will
need to measure the tread depth and make sure that they have sufficient
remaining tread depth and estimate if the tires will last until the next
scheduled maintenance point of time. If not you should replace the tires. If
the tires are of high quality and the carcass is intact the tires can be retreaded
1-2 times. You can’t avoid the scheduled maintenance, but they should make you
avoid the unscheduled maintenance. The unscheduled maintenance will always add
more cost and cause delays and should be avoided. It is better to change parts
a bit early to avoid a breakdown along the road.
During the maintenance in addition to checking the
tread depth, the tire pressure of all tires should be checked. Most tire
failures on trucks, are due to low tire pressure. Low tire pressure will
increase the rolling resistance causing the truck to consume more fuel. The
tire wear will also increase, so they might not last until the next scheduled
maintenance time. If they are so close when it comes to tread depth, the tires
should be replaced already to avoid any breakdown before next scheduled
When the main aim becomes to improve the
productivity, the aim becomes to reduce delayed and breakdowns. Since you have
so many tires, it’s important to make sure that all are in good condition. So
proper tire maintenance becomes a high priority. Investing in high quality
tires with high durability becomes a natural choice, and then you recoup some
of the investment through retreading them. Retreading can be done if the tire
carcass is in good condition when the tread has worn out. You can retread a
tyre 1-2 times. With a high quality retreading
tires, you will have a perfectly new tyre with new
tread, so that you can continue to drive on your initial investment.